LCSW operated shelters for domestic violence victims that also accommodated female trafficking victims. "The number of trafficked children rose from 10 to 56 percent, and lately up to 60 percent of identified victims of human trafficking are Serbian citizens," said Serbian Minister of Labor, Employment & Social Welfare Slobodan Lalovic. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The government increased efforts in victim protection. The government formed a trafficking task force that coordinated efforts to proactively investigate trafficking and maintained a separate human smuggling and trafficking task force that also investigated trafficking. So far, this trend has remained steady, while the age of children who are most often targeted by traffickers is in decline; and it is well know that the younger the children the more vulnerable they are. The Public Prosecutor’s Office (PPO) maintained specialized prosecutors for trafficking cases, who acted as single points of contact for investigators and care providers and provided operational guidance; however, the government did not have a system to consistently refer trafficking cases to these prosecutors or to judges trained and experienced on trafficking issues. Government agencies signed a memorandum of cooperation defining roles and responsibilities for anti-trafficking efforts. For the reasons of different modalities in human trafficking and changing trends that we have observed during our five-year work on this problem, it is very hard to make a profile of the victims of trafficking in Serbia. Serbia is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and girls trafficked internationally and within the country for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor … Children, mostly Roma, continued to be trafficked for the purpose … Country monitoring / Serbia / Serbia . Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Drawing up this Strategy, strategic goals have been set forth, which implementation is planned through different activities worked out in the National Plan of Action for combating trafficking in human beings. The results of a research study on domestic violence in Serbia, conducted by the Victimology Society of Serbia, indicate that every other woman in Serbia experiences mental violence in family, every third suffer physical violence and every fourth is threatened by violence. • Improve training for government personnel on victim assistance and referral. Human trafficking recovery center opens in Belgrade. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011. Serbia is a source, transit, and destination country for women and girls trafficked trans-nationally and internally for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation. To date, the National Action Plan has not been completed. (4,9,13,14) Girls, Roma children, and children from low-income families in rural communities, are most vulnerable to child labor, including trafficking in persons. Many sex trafficking victims in Kosovo are girls, although Kosovo criminal groups also force women from Albania, Moldova, Romania, Serbia, and other European countries into sex trafficking. The government and NGOs provided psycho-social, legal, educational, medical, financial, and reintegration support. Foreign victims identified in Serbia were from Albania, Cameroon, Denmark, Nigeria, and Pakistan. Traffickers exploit Serbian nationals, primarily men, in forced labor in labor-intensive sectors, such as the construction industry, in European countries (including Austria, Belgium, Croatia, France, Germany, Italy, Montenegro, and Russia) and the United Arab Emirates. • Update the national referral mechanism with specific identification and referral procedures for children. Moreover, trafficking in children for adoption is also regulated by a separate article (Article 389). CPTV and civil society organizations intervened to suspend known prosecutions of trafficking victims but were not always successful. The CPD maintained an Anti-Trafficking Unit within the Directorate to Combat Organized Crime. Victims frequently appeared in front of their traffickers and did not receive notification when authorities released their traffickers from custody. Until now, ASTRA has assisted 507 victims of human trafficking during their recovery by providing legal, medical and psychological assistance as well as … Of these, 34 were victims of sex trafficking, 18 of forced labor, two for forced begging, one for forced criminality, and 21 for multiple types of exploitation (21 were victims of sex trafficking, four of forced labor, four of forced begging, one of forced criminality, and 10 of multiple types of exploitation in 2017). Overview During the breakup of Yugoslavia Serbia was the perpetrator of several human rights violations, most recognizably in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In that context, the average age of children – trafficking victims is significantly lower (around 13) compared with figures from a few years ago. European number for missing children: 116 000. Human Trafficking - Manual for Journalists. In May 2001, the first multi-disciplinary anti-trafficking body was created at a federal level – the Yugoslav Team for Combating Human Trafficking, whose members were the representatives of government institutions, non-governmental and international organizations. Victims of labor exploitation are mostly children and adult men. Experts continued to report CPTV referred fewer victims to NGOs for support and assistance. The Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (ASTRA) has announced call for proposals for local civil society organizations on the topic of prevention and fight against human trafficking in Serbia, within the project Improvement of space and possibilities for combating human trafficking. Trafficking in Serbia. Tamara Vukasović is an expert on trafficking in human beings in Serbia and in the Balkan region. coerced prostitution, where in the majority of cases women and children are exploited, as follows: in the period from 2002 until 2012 – 70%, whereas in the year 2012 sexual exploitation has a 76% share. ASTRA's goal is to contribute to the eradication of human trafficking. Many who participated in Serb forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina were brought up on crimes against humanity and eventually indicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for The Former Yugoslavia. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The government allocated 8.02 million dinars ($77,580) to implement the strategy for the first two years. Contrary to expectations, they end up in countries of the region or in Western Europe, where they are forced into sexual services. Civil suits were lengthy, expensive, and required the victim to face the abuser numerous times; only two victims received compensation to date. The law entitled victims to file criminal and civil suits against their traffickers for restitution, but judges continued to encourage victims to seek restitution solely by filing civil suits. The government opened the URC in February 2019, designed to provide safe shelter and services, after five years of delays; the URC had the capacity to accommodate six victims. Children from Serbia, particularly those from Roma communities, are victims of domestic human trafficking to engage in the worst forms of child labor, including commercial sexual exploitation. In a context where people transit through countries within a relatively short time period, there is little time for the identification of trafficking and vulnerabilities to trafficking. CPTV had two units, the protection agency and the urgent reception center (URC). The Government of Serbia does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. Degrading social and economic circumstances contributed to the feminization of poverty in our country, which becomes one of the main causes for the migration of women. Article 388 of the criminal code criminalized sex trafficking and labor trafficking and prescribed penalties ranging from two to 12 years’ imprisonment for offenses involving an adult victim, and three to 12 years’ imprisonment for those involving a child victim. The definition of the offence was in compliance with the one given in the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Human Beings, Especially Women and Children. In December 2006, the Government of Serbia adopted the Anti-Trafficking Strategy, which comprises a series of measures and activities that should be undertaken in order to suppress this problem. • Implement victim-centered approaches and victim-witness protection measures for victims testifying in court to diminish intimidation and re-traumatization. Victims’ ability to access support services and assistance was not contingent on cooperating with law enforcement investigations, but once a case was reported to police, authorities required victims to cooperate with investigations and testify during prosecution, including children. 1st Evaluation Round GRETA's Report and Government’s Comments, published 16 January 2014; • Vigorously investigate, prosecute, and convict traffickers and sentence them to adequate penalties. Foreign victims are trafficked to Serbia from Macedonia, Ukraine, Moldova, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Romania, Croatia, Albania, and the People’s Republic of China. (“IBSSA-ANTI HUMAN TRAFFICKING BUREAU SERBIA”), is oriented towards combating various forms of trafficking and any kind of exploitation of people. Before the URC’s opening, an NGO operated the only specialized shelter for female trafficking victims. However, the government did not meet the minimum standards in several key areas. Although the government passed a law designating officially recognized victims as a “particularly vulnerable group” eligible for special assistance and procedural consideration, judges did not consistently assign the status of “especially vulnerable witness” to trafficking victims, including children; this status allowed witnesses to testify without the defendant present and allowed testimony via video link. ASTRA SOS Hotline is still the only hotline in Serbia specialized for human trafficking problem, both in the area of prevention, direct assistance to trafficking victims and support to their families and communities. The government updated standard operating procedures for CPTV, but experts continued to report the lack of control and transparency over the official victim assessment. Date. • Allocate sufficient resources to enable the Center for the Protection of Trafficking Victims to implement victim protection efforts. nationals human trafficking victims within the borders of the Republic of Serbia, an increase in the number of children human trafficking victims, dual or multiple exploitation of victims, as well as an increase in the number of Serbian nationals who are human trafficking victims abroad, namely male victims of labour exploitation in construction In 2004, the Interior Minister issued an Instruction on conditions for approving temporary residence to foreign citizens victims of human trafficking, according to which a law enforcement authority may approve foreign nationals temporary stay of 3, 6 or 12 months for humanitarian reasons. Experts reported strengthened cooperation with the PPO but noted prosecutors faced difficulties in distinguishing between labor rights violations and forced labor. Formalize victim identification procedures and ensure their implementation. The government operated a hotline to collect trafficking-related tips and publicly released information on anti-trafficking efforts, including prosecution data and protection efforts. Trafficking in human beings is a complex, multi-faceted crime and a severe violation of human rights, concerning all OSCE participating States. The government did not consistently apply non-penalization principles for trafficking victims, and judges did not protect victims’ rights during court proceedings. The government continued to lack formal victim identification procedures, including standardized indicators to screen vulnerable populations. Another notorious and monstrous crime of so-called Kosovo is human organ trafficking. Police continued to enforce laws against purchasing commercial sex, but the government did not make efforts to reduce demand for forced labor. GRETA visited a LCSW-run shelter in Sremska Mitrovica and reported “good living conditions,” but these shelters generally lacked the specialized programs and trained staff necessary for working with trafficking victims. She was one of the founders of ASTRA, the first anti-trafficking organization in Serbia. The government did not provide specialized accommodation for male victims. Serbia is a poor country with dominant patriarchal values which contributes to the mistreatment of young women in society and the human trafficking is just one of the causes of this problem. Women and girls are subjected to sex trafficking in private homes and apartments, nightclubs, and massage parlors. During the same period, we have observe rise in the number of children that end up in the trafficking chain. We see the experience of the majority countries in transition, which brings about changes in traditional family relations, repeated – women become the main breadwinner of the family, while men are being deprived of their “leading” role; it is such family structures where physical violence is on the rise, opposite to a situation where both partners support the family. Because of the war and the arrival of foreign military troupes during the disintegration of SFRY, the number of victims of human trafficking in Serbia grew. The privatization of the socially-owned sector during the process of economic and political transition affects increase in the unemployment of women who mostly work in socially-owned enterprises, in traditional “women” occupations. Is not free to leave or come and go as he/she wishes You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Human Trafficking - Manual for Journalists. In 2018, according to official data, the Center for the Protection of Victims of Trafficking in Humans formally identified 76 victims of human trafficking, 71 of whom are Serbian nationals, while a report for 2019 is expected by the end of December. 1st Evaluation Round GRETA's Report and Government’s Comments, published 16 January 2014; CPTV maintained a protocol with the National Employment Service (NES) to assist victims in finding employment; CPTV referred 37 victims to NES for assistance (36 in 2017). CPTV trained 45 professionals from different sectors on trafficking within migrant flows, 98 social workers on victim identification, and 40 volunteers and professionals on trafficking issues; however, CPTV continued to report many relevant ministries did not consider victim protection as a part of their responsibility. Another emerging trend is rise in the share of mentally challenged persons in the total number of identified victims of trafficking. Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. When ASTRA was started, the problem of human trafficking in Serbia was not widely known nor theoretically studied. During the 1980s, Serbia (and former Yugoslavia as a whole), as a country with better living standards compared with the rest of the region, was primarily the country of destination for women from Eastern Europe. While previously identified victims of human trafficking were mostly foreign citizens for whom Serbia was the country of transit or final destination, since 2003-2004 we have been facing the problem of internal trafficking. The lack of official criteria and standards for NGOs seeking approval to provide victim services created obstacles for NGOs to obtain licenses and for victims to access care. Princess Eugenie Travels to Serbia to Help Fight Human Trafficking Ahead of Her Royal Wedding this link is to an external site that may or may not meet accessibility guidelines. Country monitoring / Serbia / Serbia . In Greece, North Macedonia and Serbia during 2015–2016, the high numbers of people travelling prevented an adequate response to cases of potential trafficking. 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Because of the war and the arrival of foreign military troupes during the disintegration of SFRY, the number of victims of human trafficking in Serbia grew. The existing program of protection is not completely adapted to current trends. For example, the questionnaire used in the identification process was not adapted to children and children often did not understand the questions. B92 News, 16 September 2006 Law enforcement investigated 22 suspects (13 in 2017). Recognizing the Signs of Human Trafficking. For 2006 71 victims of human trafficking were registered in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 31 of whom were locals, 22 from Serbia and Montenegro, six from Moldova, four from Ukraine, three from Croatia, two from Bulgaria and one from each of Switzerland, Russia and Romania, Radio-Television of the Republika Srpska (RTRS) reported. In front of their traffickers and sentence them to adequate penalties lack formal victim procedures. 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